When it comes to comprehending the theories behind connections in between crimes and people or the community, many individuals may not realize that the beliefs that separate the theories are not as complex as they might appear in the beginning. By simplifying the core of the theories, individuals are able to more effectively comprehend the various theories that can assist people to recognize the theory that they most identify with when considering the interactions of crime and society. Once the structure of the theories are understood, it is a lot easier to build upon the theory by consisting of some of the more complicated ideas supported by the theory. A variety of theories exist, and lots of are being developed daily on the part of individuals. However, there are a few theories that are more common and widely held as beliefs than other theories might be.
There are social structure theories or those theories that the status and building and construction of the social setting will define the likelihood and amount of crime in the area. People who are exposed to hardship and other signs of social wear and tear are thought to be more prone to criminal activities and acts of violence. There are other particular social theories that believe crime is perpetuated by the inequality that exists within the social structure that is developed. When people are unable to achieve that which society anticipates of them, such as the “American Dream”, these individuals rely on crime to try to recognize this dream. Private theories exist in order to explain criminology within a society. Characteristic theories are those based upon scientific knowledge of the human body and how chemicals and hereditary material will figure out or change how an individual reacts to stimuli. Aggressive habits and antisocial propensities are simply a few of the many personality type of individuals that are involved in crime, and the connect to genetics, hormones and other biological factors are presently being studied.
Some theories stop looking at what encourages an individual to become corrupt and instead concentrate on the effects of society to describe how and why some people are able to lead productive and admirable lives. These theories are commonly described as control or social control theories. In an example, it is shown that an individual that has a greater degree of self control will have the ability to wait patiently while attaining their dream or goal instead of using possibly degenerate methods in order to gain immediate access to their desire. Symbolic interaction as a theory examines the relationship of the powerful, ruling class and those that are less powerful. By incorporating themselves into the belief that they were less powerful, youths that were looked down on played up to the role designated to them. It represents a self-fulfilling prediction of sorts because the youths are taking the more powerful group at their word and transferring the meaning onto themselves as crooks.
Of the last main theories that surround criminology, reasonable option theory preserves that wrongdoers weigh the pros and cons of a result similar to anybody else. When the costs and benefits are dissected, the wrongdoer will make a decision. They may also consider the time and place for the crime also in order to discover the circumstance with the most affordable crime risk. CWP
by John Young