Discourse Community


What is a Discourse Community

When you have a group of people with similar values goals and things they would like to see happen in their community. When people come together to discuss the values and concerns of the group. There are different ways we can break down a disclose community.

The era we are living in is characterized by different segments. People have different beliefs, and they have different opinions about their daily life.

There are different examples of discourse communities that are seen in our daily life. These are common and can be related to any common thing.

Such as a dance team, a football team, a group of students taking an English class, and a religious group are some examples of discourse communities.

The term discourse community was proposed by Martin Nystrand in 1982, for the very first time. Later on, it was further enhanced by John Swales, who was an American linguist.

In simple words, it is a social network created by different participants who communicate for a particular purpose. They share their interests in a specific topic and deliver knowledge about it.

Usually, the discourse communities are focused on interpersonal communication, and perhaps, in recent years, they have shifted to web-based discourse communities.

The term discourse community was proposed by Martin Nystrand in 1982, for the very first time. Later on, it was further enhanced by John Swales, who was an American linguist.

In simple words, it is a social network created by different participants who communicate for a particular purpose. They share their interests in a specific topic and deliver knowledge about it.

Usually, the discourse communities are focused on interpersonal communication, and perhaps, in recent years, they have shifted to web-based discourse communities.

John Swales defined them as groups with specific goals and purposes, and people use these communities or groups to achieve their goals.

What Is A Genre In A Discourse Community?

A discourse community uses one or more than one genre in the communicative assistance of its aim.

Some people may get confused by using the word “genre” here, but it simply points towards a text. That text could be any.

For example, the genre of a discourse community may be anything. If it is related to students, then it may be chalk, duster, or notebooks.

It is not compulsory that all the discourse communities have the same genre. If you are searching for a discourse community, then you should look for the traditional genres (texts) use in the communication of the community’s goals.

These traditional genres can be extracted from web pages, magazines, articles, journals, and blogs related to that discourse community.

Definition Of Genre According To John Swales:

According to the American linguist John Swales, a genre is defined as:

“A genre contains a class of communicative events, which the members of the community share for some communicative purposes. These purposes are recognized by the expert members of the discourse community and hence they contribute the rationale for the genre.”

Is Family A Discourse Community?

Yes, the family is a discourse community. A discourse community is a group that communicates, shares specific goals, and takes part in different things.

Family, schools, and other such things are added in a variety of discourse communities.

What Are The Six Characteristics Of A Discourse Community?

John Swales proposed a set of six characteristics of discourse communities that help individuals to be able to identify a discourse community.

These six properties are essential to identify whether the corresponding group is a discourse community or not.

Those six characteristics feature common goals, intercommunication between the members of the community, provision of the information, utilization of genres, specified lexis, and a set system to differentiate new members from the old members.

Let’s discuss these characteristics in detail:

Common Public Goals Of The Community

The members of the discourse community have an agreed set of common public goals. Let’s determine this characteristic with an example.

For instance, a community of teachers shares specific goals that are to teach their students to help them achieve something in their life.

A community of baseball coaches has a goal that they need to train up the team so that the team can bring multiple types of achievements.

A group of pilots has a goal to fly planes safely from one place to another and transfer the passengers safely from one destination to the other.

I hope you will understand the common public goals, let’s move towards the next properties.

Intercommunication between members

A discourse community has different mechanisms of intercommunication among the members.

The concept of this intercommunication is to share the uni goals that the community aims for.

Provision Of Information

A discourse community uses various types of methods to provide primary information and feedback to the members.

For example, discourse communities often use blogs to pass out feedbacks. Moreover, emails are sent to pass information between the community members.

Utilization Of Genres

A discourse community uses one or more genres in their communication to discuss their aims. A genre is a simple text that can refer to anything.

Some discord communities employ more specific genres to describe their aims.

Specific Lexis

Besides having specific genres, a discourse community is also composed of some specific lexis.

Lexis is unique and specific, and these are required by the community members for intercommunication.

For example, a discourse community of artists has specific lexis used to explain the tools and techniques of art.

System To Distinguish New Members From Old Members

A discourse community has a threshold level of members with a suitable degree for relevant content and community-related expertise.

A discourse community takes in beginners, and it has a ratio of beginners to experts in the community.

What Are The Four Types Of Discourse?

There are four traditional types of discourse that are mentioned below:

Narration:

Narration is a storytelling mode that involves a series of events in a particular order. 

Description:

A description paragraph in a story explains how things look according to the five senses. 

Exposition:

Exposition is a type of writing in which we inform. Exposition means to place out for understanding information. 

Argument

The main focus of an argument is to convince others through a solid fact or logic.

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